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The slow rate of jobs recovery is one of the biggest stories in rural America over the past six years.
Metro America is nearly back to pre recession levels of employment. But job growth in nonmetro, or rural counties remains flat lined more or less since 2010.
As with most things rural, there are tremendous regional variations. A report from USDA’s Economic Research Service looks at some peculiar job trends in rural areas and asks why.
A key trend we observed throughout the recession, and which holds true through today, is that Plains States counties fared better than other rural counties in their unemployment rates.
So why the regional variations? Authors Tom Hertz, Lorin Kusmin, Alex Marre and Tim Parker look for answer.
In the map above, the green swath through the nation’s midsection shows that unemployment has been lower in this region than the nation overall.
ERS analysis shows that several factors combined to create lower unemployment rates in the Plains States.
- First, the Plains counties tended to be more ag dependent. That economic sector fared relatively well compared to the rest of the economy during the recession, and that softened the economic impact there. “The Plains States’ favorable mix of industries at the start of the recession served to moderate the recession induced increase in unemployment,” the report said. “In particular, Plains counties were far more likely to have farming dependent economies, … and this reduced unemployment rates …”
- Second, these counties were less likely to have manufacturing jobs, which were some of the hardest hit during the recession. Compare the Plains to industrial states like Michigan, which suffered from the decline in the auto industry. The chart below breaks out performance by industry for the past six years. Note how the green line (farming) rises slightly. Purple (mining and logging) climbs steeply; that could be a factor in northern Great Plains employment, where oil and gas production has been increasing.