Speak Your Piece: Two Cents
[imgbelt img=BullardTwo528.jpg]What would it cost to give slaughterhouse workers a living wage and ranchers a break-even price for their cattle? Two cents a pound at the meat counter. That’s all.
Those two words stuck with me from a meeting of farmers and ranchers in Nebraska last week. It turns out the cost of providing livestock raisers a fair price for their cattle and slaughterhouse workers a living wage for their work preparing the meat for sale was a lousy two pennies on a pound of ground chuck.
Adding two cents on every pound in the meat counter would keep ranchers from losing money and turn slaughterhouse jobs from work into a living. Two cents a pound at the grocery would fundamentally change the economies of thousands of rural communities.
Bill Bullard explained the first cent. Bullard is with R-CALF, the cattle raisers organization. He talked at last week’s meeting of the Organization for Competitive Markets in Omaha about the dramatic drop in the share of each food dollar that goes to the rancher.
In 1980, ranchers and farmers got 63 cents out of every dollar consumers spent on beef. That dropped to 60 cents in 1990, to 49 cents in 2000 to 43 cents in 2009.
With ranchers taking a smaller share of each dollar spent on beef, cattle-raising has become ever less profitable. As a result, ranchers have been going out of business.
Since 1980, Bullard said, the nation has been losing 1,000 ranches a month.
The increasing concentration of the meat industry has changed life in rural communities. With fewer ranchers, fewer independent feedlot owners and fewer meat packing jobs, “these just aren’t the same cities,” Lauritsen said. “That’s the downside of consolidation.”
Ranchers lose their land, feedlot owners lose their businesses and workers lose their jobs. More beef is imported and while the size of the U.S. cattle herd has stagnated, herds in the rest of the world have grown larger.
“That’s the connection” between ranching and labor, Lauritsen said. “When people lose their jobs, everybody loses. This is where we intersect, with schools and our communities.”
“The sad part is that there are so few of us left to fight,” Lauritsen continued. “There are fewer ranchers, fewer slaughterhouse workers, fewer union members. They have just kicked our teeth in.”
Despite rising food prices, Lauritsen said there is pressure on food employees to reduce their hourly wages. Workers at a Mott’s juice plant in New York State, for example, were asked to accept a $1.50 an hour wage cut. They went on strike and have been on the picket line since May 23.
Then he talked about the second cent.
“Look at what would happen if they added a penny a pound to the retail price of red meat,” Lauritsen said. If that penny went to workers in the slaughterhouse, the average wage of $13 an hour for a meatpacker would rise to nearly $16 an hour.
“”I will tell you, brothers and sisters, that that would make a dramatic change in a person’s lifestyle,” he said. “It would change the main street Cherokee, Iowa. It’s life changing money and it’s only a penny.”
Two cents, really. One cent for the people who raise the beef and one for those who carve it for the stores. You need both.