Creating Rural Wealth
[imgbelt img=woodshop528.jpg] Trying to “attract” jobs to rural communities has never worked for most places. Development is a do it yourself job — and the process begins with a plan for building wealth.
[imgcontainer left] [img:Heartwood528.jpg]This floor tells the story of how to create wealth in rural communities. This is the Heartwood Center in Abington, Virginia. Originally, the builder was going to buy flooring from mills outside the region. After getting a bid from local suppliers — hardwood from a nearby sustainable forest — the builder changed plans. All of the wood, milling and installation came from places or companies within an hour of the center. For more information on buying hardwood from Central Appalachia, call Kevin Rowe at 276-623-1121.
It’s pretty clear that old approaches to rural development (like issuing tax breaks to attract factories) don’t work all that well – but what else is there?
A lot of folks all over the country have been working on that question, and a group involved with the Ford Foundation has been trying to pull it all together and explain emerging practices as a single process. This group of Ford folks didn’t invent something new. They have tried to explain an approach to development and to create a system for how communities can better themselves and their economies.
We can call it a “wealth creation approach” to development.
Instead of trying to “attract” jobs over which rural communities have little control, this approach is about creating durable livelihoods by developing the assets that rural places do control. That includes natural assets like forests, farms, and wind rights as well as workers’ skills, social networks, and innovation. When rural communities develop these assets in response to market demand, when they connect with urban areas in ways that benefit both places, and when they focus on creating multiple kinds of wealth – that’s when they begin to create wealth and livelihoods that benefit rural places over the long haul.
Here’s what the wealth creation process looks like in southeast Ohio, where the Wealth From Forests initiative is already underway.
Historically, this region has exported its logs and lumber as a raw commodity. Prices are kept low, and any processing of the wood is done elsewhere.
Marjorie Kelly (MKelly@Tellus.org) is with Tellus Institute in Boston and is an adviser to the Wealth Creation in Rural Communities project, which is part of the Expanding Livelihood Opportunities for Poor Households Initiative of the Ford Foundation.