113 Counties Switch to Metro Status

Every 10 years the federal government redefines which counties lie in and out of Metropolitan Statistical Areas – which gives us a rough equivalent of which counties are rural. Here are the ones that switched in 2013.

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With the stroke of a pen and without necessarily moving an inch, about 5.8 million Americans who previously lived in nonmetro counties are now part of a Metropolitan Statistical Area, or metro. Conversely, about a million Americans who formerly lived in metro areas now live in nonmetro counties.

The change is due to the reclassification of counties that are part of metropolitan areas by the federal Office of Management and Budget.

Because of the switch, 113 counties that previously lay outside metro areas have been incorporated into metropolitan areas.

Thirty-six counties have gone the other direction – changing from metro to nonmetro status.

The net change in county classifications is that 77 additional counties are part of metropolitan America. That means, in broad terms, that the federal government no longer considers them to be rural for some funding programs and demographic purposes.

We’ve got a list of the counties that switched below. The smallest formerly nonmetro county to join a metropolitan area is Kalawao County, on the island of Maui in Hawaii. With only 90 residents, it’s now part of the Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina metro.

On the other end of the population spectrum, the formerly nonmetro county of Mohave in Arizona, with a population of over 200,000, is now part of Lake Havasu City-Kingman metro.

The metro/nonmetro classification is based on population figures of cities and the economic ties of counties that are adjacent to them. While change on the ground may be gradual and occur over years or even decades, the metro/non-metro designation is an either/or proposition. Cross the threshold, and your county flips from metro to nonmetro, or the other way around.

Metro counties now have a combined population of 262.5 million, while nonmetro counties have a population of 46.3 million. About 15% of the U.S. population now lives in nonmetro counties, down from 17% in 2003.

COUNTIES THAT SWITCH TO METRO FROM NONMETRO

State County Name Population in 2010 Census Metro Area Joined In 2013
AL Pickens County 19,746 Tuscaloosa, AL
AL Baldwin County 182,265 Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL
AR Little River County 13,171 Texarkana, TX-AR
AZ Cochise County 131,346 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ
AZ Mohave County 200,186 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
CT Windham County 118,428 Worcester, MA-CT
DE Sussex County 197,145 Salisbury, MD-DE
FL Gulf County 15,863 Panama City, FL
FL Walton County 55,043 Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
FL Sumter County 93,420 The Villages, FL
FL Flagler County 95,696 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
FL Highlands County 98,786 Sebring, FL
FL Citrus County 141,236 Homosassa Springs, FL
GA Lincoln County 7,996 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
GA Pulaski County 12,010 Warner Robins, GA
GA Morgan County 17,868 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA
GA Peach County 27,695 Warner Robins, GA
HI Kalawao County 90 Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI
HI Maui County 154,834 Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI
IA Plymouth County 24,986 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
ID Butte County 2,891 Idaho Falls, ID
IL Alexander County 8,238 Cape Girardeau, MO-IL
IL De Witt County 16,561 Bloomington, IL
IL Jackson County 60,218 Carbondale-Marion, IL
IL Williamson County 66,357 Carbondale-Marion, IL
IN Union County 7,516 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN
IN Scott County 24,181 Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN
KS Kingman County 7,858 Wichita, KS
KS Pottawatomie County 21,604 Manhattan, KS
KS Riley County 71,115 Manhattan, KS
KY Butler County 12,690 Bowling Green, KY
KY Allen County 19,956 Bowling Green, KY
LA St. James Parish 22,102 New Orleans-Metairie, LA
LA Webster Parish 41,207 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
LA Vermilion Parish 57,999 Lafayette, LA
LA Acadia Parish 61,773 Lafayette, LA
LA Iberia Parish 73,240 Lafayette, LA
LA Tangipahoa Parish 121,097 Hammond, LA
MD Worcester County 51,454 Salisbury, MD-DE
MD St. Mary’s County 105,151 California-Lexington Park, MD
MI Montcalm County 63,342 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
MI Midland County 83,629 Midland, MI
MN Sibley County 15,226 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
MN Fillmore County 20,866 Rochester, MN
MN Mille Lacs County 26,097 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
MN Le Sueur County 27,703 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
MN Nicollet County 32,727 Mankato-North Mankato, MN
MN Blue Earth County 64,013 Mankato-North Mankato, MN
MO Bollinger County 12,363 Cape Girardeau, MO-IL
MO Cape Girardeau County 75,674 Cape Girardeau, MO-IL
MS Benton County 8,729 Memphis, TN-MS-AR
MS Yazoo County 28,065 Jackson, MS
MT Golden Valley County 884 Billings, MT
NC Jones County 10,153 New Bern, NC
NC Gates County 12,197 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
NC Pamlico County 13,144 New Bern, NC
NC Lincoln County 78,265 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC
NC Craven County 103,505 New Bern, NC
NC Rowan County 138,428 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC
NC Iredell County 159,437 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC
NC Davidson County 162,878 Winston-Salem, NC
ND Oliver County 1,846 Bismarck, ND
ND Sioux County 4,153 Bismarck, ND
NE Howard County 6,274 Grand Island, NE
NE Merrick County 7,845 Grand Island, NE
NE Hamilton County 9,124 Grand Island, NE
NE Hall County 58,607 Grand Island, NE
NY Yates County 25,348 Rochester, NY
NY Jefferson County 116,229 Watertown-Fort Drum, NY
OH Hocking County 29,380 Columbus, OH
OH Perry County 36,058 Columbus, OH
OK Cotton County 6,193 Lawton, OK
OR Josephine County 82,713 Grants Pass, OR
OR Linn County 116,672 Albany, OR
PA Montour County 18,267 Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA
PA Columbia County 67,295 Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA
PA Adams County 101,407 Gettysburg, PA
PA Franklin County 149,618 Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA
PA Monroe County 169,842 East Stroudsburg, PA
SC Jasper County 24,777 Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC
SC Union County 28,961 Spartanburg, SC
SC Chester County 33,140 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC
SC Lancaster County 76,652 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC
SC Beaufort County 162,233 Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC
SD Custer County 8,216 Rapid City, SD
TN Crockett County 14,586 Jackson, TN
TN Morgan County 21,987 Knoxville, TN
TN Campbell County 40,716 Knoxville, TN
TN Roane County 54,181 Knoxville, TN
TN Maury County 80,956 Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN
TX Oldham County 2,052 Amarillo, TX
TX Hudspeth County 3,476 El Paso, TX
TX Martin County 4,799 Midland, TX
TX Lynn County 5,915 Lubbock, TX
TX Somervell County 8,490 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
TX Newton County 14,445 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
TX Falls County 17,866 Waco, TX
TX Hood County 51,182 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
UT Box Elder County 49,975 Ogden-Clearfield, UT
VA Rappahannock County 7,373 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
VA Floyd County 15,279 Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
VA Buckingham County 17,146 Charlottesville, VA
VA Waynesboro city 21,006 Staunton-Waynesboro, VA
VA Staunton city 23,746 Staunton-Waynesboro, VA
VA Culpeper County 46,689 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
VA Augusta County 73,750 Staunton-Waynesboro, VA
WA Columbia County 4,078 Walla Walla, WA
WA Pend Oreille County 13,001 Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA
WA Stevens County 43,531 Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA
WA Walla Walla County 58,781 Walla Walla, WA
WI Green County 36,842 Madison, WI
WV Fayette County 46,039 Beckley, WV
WV Raleigh County 78,859 Beckley, WV

 

 

COUNTIES THAT SWITCHED TO NONMETRO FROM METRO

State County Name Population in 2010 Census Metropolitan Area These Counties Belonged To Before 2010 Census
AL Greene County 9,045 Tuscaloosa, AL
AR Franklin County 18,125 Fort Smith, AR-OK
ID Power County 7,817 Pocatello, ID
IN Tipton County 15,936 Kokomo, IN
IN Franklin County 23,087 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
IN Greene County 33,165 Bloomington, IN
IN Gibson County 33,503 Evansville, IN-KY
KS Franklin County 25,992 Kansas City, MO-KS
KY Webster County 13,621 Evansville, IN-KY
KY Nelson County 43,437 Louisville, KY-IN
MA Franklin County 71,372 Springfield, MA
MI Newaygo County 48,460 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
MI Ionia County 63,905 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
MO Howard County 10,144 Columbia, MO
MO Washington County 25,195 St. Louis, MO-IL
MS Stone County 17,786 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
MS George County 22,578 Pascagoula, MS
NC Greene County 21,362 Greenville, NC
NC Anson County 26,948 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC
OH Ottawa County 41,428 Toledo, OH
OH Preble County 42,270 Dayton, OH
OH Washington County 61,778 Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH
OH Erie County 77,079 Sandusky, OH
TN Stewart County 13,324 Clarksville, TN-KY
TX Delta County 5,231 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
TX Calhoun County 21,381 Victoria, TX
TX San Jacinto County 26,384 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX
UT Summit County 36,324 Salt Lake City, UT
VA King and Queen County 6,945 Richmond, VA
VA Surry County 7,058 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
VA Cumberland County 10,052 Richmond, VA
VA Louisa County 33,153 Richmond, VA
VA Danville city 43,055 Danville, VA
VA Pittsylvania County 63,506 Danville, VA
WV Pleasants County 7,605 Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH
WV Morgan County 17,541 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV

 

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