Saturday, July 26, 2014

Rural and Exurban Household Income, 2011

01/22/2013

rural family income in 2011Only 376 rural or exurban counties had median family incomes that were equal to or greater than the national median of $50,502 in 2011, according to the U.S. Census.

Remember, “median” means the middle. Half the households in the U.S. had income greater than $50,502 in 2011 and half made less. The map above shows the median household income in each county — that is the middle point of all incomes in the county.

Click on the map to see a larger version. Exurban counties are in metro areas, but about half their residents live in rural settings.

The dark blue counties are the richest rural counties in terms of household income. The western ski areas have high incomes. So does the oil and gas region of western North Dakota and the Hill Country counties of Texas.

Only 15 percent of rural and exurban counties have median household incomes above the national number. 

The counties in any shade of blue have incomes above the median household income of all counties of $41,974. (Half of all counties had median family incomes above $41,974 in 2011 and half were below.) 

The counties in red are median household incomes below $41,974. Again, there are familiar patterns. The lowest income counties are in Appalachian, the Black Belt of the South, Indian lands and the Texas/Mexico border.

Most of the rural and exurban counties with the highest incomes are exurban or rural counties outside of urban areas.

 Wilcox County, Alabama, had the lowest median family income, at 20,990. Wilcox was followed by Buffalo County, South Dakota, Owlsley County, Kentucky and Noxubee County, Mississippi. These three counties had median family incomes under $22,000 in 2011.